Citations and References

Eligibility: The research papers published in this issue of PAST must have been delivered at the previous year’s meeting of the Pioneer America Society. “On the Road” photo essays only need to have been authored or co-authored by an ISLPMC member.

Length: Papers should be between approximately 1400 and 3000 words (about 6 to 12 pages, double spaced with one-inch margins), exclusive of illustrations or captions. Photo essays may not exceed ten photographs and should contain enough information to make clear the meanings and information the author wishes to convey through those photographs.

Format: Manuscripts should be submitted as a Word document (ASCII and Rich Text Format [.rtf] are acceptable if necessary), either (1) emailed as an attachment to the editor, or (2) saved to a CD and mailed, along with one hard copy of the manuscript, to the editor at the address below. Manuscripts should be double-spaced. Filenames should consist of the first author’s last name (e.g., John Smith and Jane Doe’s paper should be saved as “smith.doc.”)

Illustrations: Illustrations should be submitted as scanned or digital electronic documents in jpeg (.jpg or .jpeg) format, in high resolution (1060x840). Illustration files should be submitted as individual documents, and file names should include all or part of your last name and the illustration number (e.g., for the second illustration in a paper written by Jane Doe and John Smith, an appropriate filename might be “doefig2.jpg”). Please submit captions on a separate sheet and number captions accordingly. If you are unable to submit electronic copies of your illustrations, please contact the editor for other instructions.

Contributor’s Biography: Please submit a brief biographical statement of up to 50 words on a separate sheet.

Citations and References

Scientific notation is the preferred citation style. For a paraphrased statement simply put author and year (Jones 1991). “A direct quote should be set off in quotation marks with page numbers supplied” (Jones 1991, 56). If needed, reviewers should use endnotes rather than footnotes.

Page numbers should be supplied for all quoted passages. Please use the following standard: “…does not really answer the question” (235-36); or “…if he had thought of it” (xv). (Note that the punctuation goes after the citation, and the page number is separated from the period by one space.)

Include a reference section after the conclusion of your paper.

For articles:

Ward, A. E. 1980. “Navajo Graves: An archaeological reflection of ethnographic reality.” Ethnohistoric Report Series, No. 2. Albuquerque, NM: Center for Anthropological Studies.

For books:

Jordan, T. G. 1982. Texas Graveyards: A cultural legacy. Austin: University of Texas Press.

For chapters that appear as part of an edited collection:

Edwards, J. 2002. “Vernacular Vision: The gallery of our Africanized architectural landscape.” In J. Hankins and S. Maklansky, eds., Raised to the Trade: Creole building arts of New Orleans. New Orleans: New Orleans Museum of Art, 61-95.

For interviews:

Jones, W. 1994. Interview by author. Geneva, NY, September 4.

For web sites:

“Recent News.” n.d. Pioneer America Society., last accessed 10 January 2007. (In this notation, “n.d.” refers to a lack of date given; “n.d.” should be used for books, articles, and chapters without known dates.)

For other examples:

Please consult the 15th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style as needed.

Authors should proofread their text carefully prior to submitting it to the editor. Please direct all questions to the Editor: Paul Marr, Editor, PAST, Shippensburg University, 1871 Old Main Drive, Shippensburg, PA 17257. Phone: 717-477-1656. Fax: 717-477-4029. E-mail:

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